9/11 Terrorism World Trade Centre

Terrorists attacks on the United States: My initial response to 9/11

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Terrorists attacks on the United States: My initial response to 9/11

Ambassador Curtis A. Ward

Ambassador Curtis A. Ward

Ambassador Curtis A. Ward

The following was written by me on the night of September 11, 2001 in my apartment (The Corinthian) at 330 E 38th St. (1st Avenue and 38th St.) in New York City, some 30+ blocks from the World Trade Centre.

The day, 11 September 2001, for me began with attending the Sixteenth Annual International Prayer Breakfast, marking the opening of the Fifty-Sixth Session of the United Nations General Assembly.  As stated in the programme, the objectives of the Prayer Breakfast were:

To acknowledge the sovereignty of God over all peoples and nations;

To invoke God’s wisdom and blessing on those involved in the work of the United Nations.

Also on the programme was a solo rendition by South Korean Sookyung Ahn of “The Peacemaker’s Prayer” (Prayer of St. Francis of Assisi).  The words of the first stanza impacted me deeply,

“Lord, make me an instrument of Thy peace.  Where there is hatred, let me sow love; where there is injury, pardon; where there is doubt, faith; where there is despair, hope; where there is darkness, light; where there is sadness, joy.”

WTC under Attack (Phot by Helene Seligman)

WTC under attack (Photo by Helene Seligman)

No sooner had I left the Prayer Breakfast and approached the Security Council Consultations Room that I was met by the DPR of Colombia, Ambassador Andrés Franco, who alerted me to the crash of the first plane in the NY World Trade Centre. He and others of my colleagues were standing in front of the TV in the SC Consultation Lounge watching the events as they were unfolding at the WTC.  I was just in time to see the attack on the Second Tower, as the airplane flew through the building and a burst of flame erupted.  This was followed by collapse of the buildings.   There was pandemonium as people ran in panic in efforts to escape the conflagration and collapsing buildings.

My thoughts then: Was this for real or a scene out of Hollywood?  Could terrorism hit home in the heart of America with such devastation?  Could all of this planning and execution escape the sophistication of US intelligence apparatus?  These are questions which no doubt crowded the thinking of millions around the world.  I also wondered if members of the human race could be so cruel to one another; as to take the lives of so many innocent people to further a political objective, or to avenge an act or perceived wrong.

I thought about the Prayer of St. Francis of Assisi, which had just a few moments before blessed my spirit and inspired me to do more for the cause of peace.  I remembered the words of the main speaker at the Prayer Breakfast that there can be “no justice with reconciliation.” This statement raised the question whether the principle of reconciliation and justice were mutually exclusive of each other.  I had some doubt and said to colleague ambassadors of Nigeria and Ghana, sitting with me at the table, “There can be no peace without justice.”

Security Council Visit to the World Trade Center - 2001

Amb. Ward and Security Council colleagues visiting Ground Zero – 10/2001

There was stunned silence in the small group standing there in the SC Consultation Lounge watching, what undoubtedly were the most outrageous terrorist acts of our time.  Those who commented could only speculate on the tragedy unfolding before us in disbelief that such a terrorist act was taking place in the great city in which we lived and worked.  I began to wonder what it would mean for America, the Security Council, the United Nations, indeed for humanity.

Ironically, the Caucus of the Non-Aligned Movement was sceduled to meet that morning to discuss a resolution lifting sanctions against Sudan.  The draft resolution was to be introduced in the Security Council consultations immediately thereafter, with a view to be voted on in a few days. The sanctions regime had been imposed on Sudan for harbouring terrorist groups in that country.  Several years ago terrorists operating from Sudanese territory had botched an attempted assassination of Egypt’s President Hosni Mubarak in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. (The terrorist attacks on the U.S. Embassies in Nairobi, Kenya and Dar-Es-Salaam, Tanzania on August 7, 1998 were believed to have been planned and executed from Sudan.)

The sanctions regime was intended to coerce a change of behaviour, not to punish Sudan.  The United States had for quite some time blocked the lifting of the sanctions despite the fact that it was agreed Sudan no longer harboured terrorists.  Other issues, including reports of slavery being practiced in the Sudan, as well as other bi-lateral issues between the United States and Sudan, prevented action in the Security Council.  Less than a week earlier, there was a change of strategy in Washington and we were told the United States would no longer oppose the lifting of the sanctions.  The timing of the terrorist attacks on the United States could not have been more politically untimely for the lifting of sanctions against Sudan.

Ground Zero - WTC after towers collapsed

Ground Zero – WTC after towers collapsed

After watching television reports for a short while, I left the area to call my family members in Maryland and my daughter who was in New York.  The cell phone didn’t work.  I was reminded of the Verizon advertisement on television that “the call goes through when you need it most.”  Not this time; cell phone services were severely interrupted.

We were told the UN Headquarters could be a target of the terrorists and the building was evacuated. Back at the office I used the landline phone to contact family members who were relieved that I was safe, and I relieved that they too were safe.

As I thought about the events that were being reported – the hijackings of a number of commercial aircraft, the crashing of these planes on the WTC and the Pentagon, early reports of a car bomb explosion in the vicinity of the State Department, a hijacked plane crashing outside of Pittsburgh – I began to wonder and speculate as to the possible source of these terrorist acts.  My thoughts wandered to the well-known international terrorist, Usama bin Laden, who had vowed to destroy America.  His hatred of America was well documented.  We had been dealing with this issue in the Security Council with imposition of sanctions on the Taleban rulers of Afghanistan for harbouring bin Laden.  From his terrorist camps in Afghanistan bin Laden controlled an international network of terrorists with the United States as the main target.

AMb. Ward speaking in United Nations Security Council debate ( 2001)

Amb. Ward speaking during UN Security Council debate ( 2001)

I recalled my own statement in the Security Council during a debate on terrorism in which I denounced terrorism in all its forms and condemned those who would take innocent lives so wantonly. As recently as 20 August 2001, also speaking in the Security Council on the Middle East, including the Occupied Palestinian Territories, I had denounced all forms of terrorism, implicitly including state terrorism.  This attack against the United States was despicable.  It was an attack against the civilized world, against all of humanity.  My heartfelt sympathy was with the families who lost loved ones in these attacks.  Indeed, man’s inhumanity to man could not have been more manifest.  There is no justification for acts of terrorism, and all forms of terrorism should be condemned. I felt strongly that the international community must now marshal all necessary resources to put an end to terrorism. I intended to do my part.

But, as I considered the sophistication involved, and speculated on the difficulties that it would entail for a terrorist organization to plan and execute these terrorist acts, I began to wonder how much, if any, of the planning might have occurred on American soil.  I could not help but to remember the circumstances immediately following the bombing of the Federal Building in Oklahoma City just a few years earlier.  I remembered that the initial suspects were targeted because of their ethnicity and religious background.  I did not want to fall into that trap.  At this point of my thinking I decided to wait on the facts before forming a conclusion as to culpability.

© 2017 Curtis A. Ward/The Ward Post

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About the author

Amb. Curtis A. Ward

Ambassador Curtis A. Ward is a former Ambassador and Deputy Permanent Representative of Jamaica to the United Nations with Special Responsibility for Security Council Affairs (1999-2002) serving on the UN Security Council for two years. He served three years as Expert Adviser to the UN Security Council Counter-Terrorism Committee. He is an Attorney-at-Law and International Consultant with extensive knowledge and experience in national and international legal and policy frameworks for effective implementation of United Nations (UN) and other international anti-terrorism mandates; the legal and administrative requirements to effectively implement and enforce anti-money laundering and countering financing of terrorism (AML/CFT); extensive knowledge of the legal and regulatory requirements for effective implementation and enforcement of United Nations multilateral and U.S.-imposed unilateral sanctions; and the imperatives for rule of law and governance.

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